1 edition of Fauna Hawaiiensis found in the catalog.
LIBRARY HAS: v.1 pt.1.
|Statement||being results of the explorations instituted by the joint committee appointed by the Royal Society of London for Promoting Natural Knowledge, and the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and carried on with the assistance of those bodies and of the Trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum at Honolulu. Edited by David Sharp.|
|Contributions||Sharp, David, editor., Royal Society (Great Britain)., British Association for the Advancement of Science., Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||18 parts in 3 v.|
|Number of Pages||18|
Bishop Mus. The degree ofendemism and relative antiquity of the fauna suggest that the Marquesas havebeen an isolated archipelago since early Tertiary times, if not earlier. Hemiptera - Homoptera It was an important source of black and yellow feathers used to make the exquisite feather cloaks called ahu-ula worn by Hawaiian nobility or ali'i.
The endemic element is strongest in theArgiopidae, Salticidae, and Theridiidae, but a few endemic species are dividedbetween the Dysderidae, Drassidae, Thomisidae, Pisauridae, and Dictynidae. The nefarious mynah bird Acridotheres tristis has been introduced only on Hivaoa. SeeCrossland, 67; Chubb, 52; and Adamson, 3. Second edition. A very large proportion of theanimals present are small or minute, the absence of very large species beinga striking feature of all groups in the native faunas.
Gregorythere wereextensive land masses in the area now occupied by the Pacific depression,which were submerged in the late Secondary or early Tertiary. They also include critically important biological surveys such as Fauna Hawaiiensis, Insects of Micronesia, Southwest Pacific and Southeast Asia arthropods of medical importance, the Terrestrial Arthropod Survey of Fiji, and numerous recent arthropod surveys of French Polynesia. Little is yetknown about the Dolichopodids in other Pacific islands, but several endemicspecies have been collected in the Marquesas and Society Islands, and aboutten species have been recorded from Samoa. There are abundant streams on all of the six highest islands, but lakesand swamps are unknown and scarcely any pools of stagnant water exist inthe interior. The research upon which this paper was based was supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Health to D. Even the recent immigrants are almost all from the Old World.
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The endemic Hawaiian microlepidoptera are placed by Zimmerman in only eight families. Many native animals present on central Pacific islands are known to bereadily dispersed for great distances by flight, wind, or birds: Protozoa,Trochelminthes, the few Polyzoa known, many if not all of the smallerCrustacea, some winged insects such as dragonflies, many Lepidoptera, mostspiders, birds, and bats, and parasites associated with these animals.
It therefore appears that there are scarcely any native animals on centralPacific islands which are incapable, at least to some significant degree, of over-seas dispersal. The remarkabc adaptability of the group to the great environmental diversity of Hawaiian islands is demonstrated not only by their structure but by the diverse larval habits of the species.
Setchellhas emphasized the necessityof considering all of these factors and the partial neglect of the problems ofestablishment and persistence by biogeographers. A Neotropicalelement seems to be entirely absent in the indigenous ants of central Pacificislands.
Hivaoa and Nukuhiva, the largest islands, probably have the richestfloras, but those of Fatuhiva and Uapou are nearly as varied. The flora of the islands is almost as well known as the fauna. He writes that the mosquitoes of Samoa are clearlyderived from the west.
Adamson-Review of Fauna of the Marquesas 81 It is impossible at present to makea precise comparison between the degree of specific endemism in the Mar-quesas, Society, Austral, and Samoan islands; probably the differencesbetween them are relatively small, perhaps not much more than 10 percent,though this is little more than a guess.
In central Nukuhiva and in parts of Hivaoa there are smallplains between 2, and 3, feet high. In the endemic faunas of central Pacific islands there are no verte-brates except birds, a few bats, and, in Samoa only, a few doubtfully nativespecies of lizards and snakes.
Political factors can play a part if a species is protected, or actively hunted, in one jurisdiction but not another. Preview Unable to display preview. Polytene chromosome relationships in Hawaiian species of Drosophila. The most important features common to central Pacific faunas are in themany large genera and even families which are characteristic of and largelyconfined to these islands.
It may be stated at once that scarcely any American influence can berecognized in the Marquesan fauna. Grant is preparing a report on the floweringplants collected by him in the Society Islands in These are the Tuamotu Islands, thescattered equatorial atolls, and the many archipelagoes of Micronesia, such as the Phoenix,Gilbert, and Marshall Islands.
Little has been written on the marine fauna, except on the corals byAgassiz 4 and Crossland 67the sea birds, and on general ecology byCrossland Therefore it is not surprising thatlittle attempt has been made to explain by a single scheme the distribution ofanimals and plants of mid-Pacific islands.
Some observations on the birds of Kipahulu Valley. Nineteen species of Sapromyzid flies have been describedfrom the Marquesas by Malloch, 15 in the genus Prochaetops which is rep-resented also in Fiji, and three in Chilocryptus an endemic genus possiblyderived from ancestors similar to those of Prochaetops.
Many of the opinions expressed here are offered ten-tatively. Many birds, some locusts, butterflies, moths, dragonflies, andother insects can probably fly across hundreds and even thousands of milesof ocean. The author also lists the numerous nomenclatural changes made in the taxonomic part of the work.The Host Trees of the Endemic Cerambycidae in Hawaii BY O.
H. SWEZEY (Presented at the meeting of May 7, ) At the present time there are known82 species and 4 varieties. Fauna Hawaiiensis Vol. Ii. Part Iii.
[D. Sharp] on sylvaindez.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. Excerpt: (4) Dryophthorus nesiotesAuthor: D.
Sharp. faunahawaiiensis Danschacune desfamilies dominantes le nombre genresestrelativement faible, maiscertainsgenres,Tkeridion,Teiragnaika,Sandalodes, etc. sontrepresentespar de. Insects of Hawaii1 (A RsviSw) ByR. H. VANZWALUWENBURG This excellent workis the result of over fourteen years of schol arly effort by an author well qualified to bring together and to interpret the great mass of information on the insects of these Islands which has accumulated since the publication of "Fauna Hawaiiensis" nearly half acentury ago.
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